Azithromycin tablets are a type of antibiotic that is helpful for the treatment of certain bacterial infections. What makes azithromycin tablets quite remarkable is that it is actually derived from erythromycin, an antibiotic that is considered one of the most important medicines needed in the community by the World Health Organization. Azithromycin tablets are very popular throughout the world because of the fact that it is slowly eliminated from the body after being taken in, which renders many infections within the body to be treated in just around 3 to 5 days of taking azithromycin tablets once per day. This totally beats taking 3 to 4 times per day of erythromycin tablets for 2 weeks!
How Azithromycin Tablets Work
Azithromycin tablets work by stopping or inhibiting the growth of bacteria-causing infections by means of interfering or obstructing the process of their protein synthesis. Azithromycin, the active ingredient in azithromycin tablets, binds to the 50S subunit of the ribosome of the bacteria, thereby stopping the translation of mRNA. In simpler words, azithromycin tablets stop the production of protein in the bacteria cells, which then stops the bacteria to cause damage to the patient’s cells and/or tissues in the body.
What Health Issues can Azithromycin Tablets Treat?
Azithromycin tablets are usually used alone or they can be combined with other medications to treat many health issues related to bacterial infections such as pharyngitis, otitis media, gonorrhea, gastrointestinal infections (for example, infections caused by consumption of contaminated or dirty food), and community-acquired respiratory infections (for example, pneumonia). Azithromycin tablets can also be used to treat uncomplicated skin infections caused by Staphylococus aureus and S. pyogenes; cervicitis and urethritis caused by C. trachomatis; and acute bacterial sinusitis caused by H. influenzae.
Before Taking Azithromycin Tablets
Before you are going to take azithromycin tablets, let your doctor know if you may be allergic to it or if you are allergic to other antibiotics such as clarithromycin or erythromycin, or if you are allergic to other medications or things. Azithromycin tablets may contain inactive ingredients in them, which may likely cause allergic reactions or other problems in some people. For more details on the azithromycin tablets you are going to take, talk to your doctor or pharmacist.
Also, before taking azithromycin tablets, let your doctor know about your medical history, most especially if you have a history of kidney diseases, liver disorders, or if you have myasthenia gravis.
Available Forms of Azithromycin
When prescribed to take azithromycin, you will most likely get azithromycin tablets that come in 250 mg and 500 mg dosages. Other forms of azithromycin aside from tablets include capsules (250 mg and 500 mg doses), intravenous injection, oral suspension (200 mg/5 mL and 100 mg/5mL), granules for suspension packed in sachets, and ophthalmic solutions.
Side Effects of Azithromycin Tablets
The most commonly known side effects of taking azithromycin tablets include nausea, diarrhea, abdominal pain and vomiting. Only less than 1% of the patients stop taking azithromycin tablets because of the side effects. In some cases, patients who take azithromycin tablets report getting nervous episodes, anaphylactic shock, and dermatologic reactions.